Slide Background
Dynamic Testing & Learning potential
Focus on cognitive potential

Prof.dr.Wilma C.M. Resing
Unit Developmental and Educational Psychology
Institute of Psychology. Leiden University


Training helps children with learning to think analytically Christine Pronk (Developmental and Educational Psychology) investigated how…


method dynamic testingA reliable form of dynamic testing is the pretest-training-posttest design, also known as the sandwich format. This design consists of a pretest during which a child is asked to solve a certain task without any given assistance. After the pretest the child will receive a training session, during which help will be given in the form of instruction and feedback on the basis of the answers the child gives. The training session is followed by a posttest, during which no assistance will be given. This design makes it possible to gain more detailed insight into a child’s ability to learn, the learning potential.  

Another method that provides large quantities of information regarding independent changes in the manner in which a child solves a task is to use the repeated measures approach, which includes instruction at the beginning only. In this situation a child is asked to repeatedly solve the same type of tasks, which enables detailed recording of how a child learns from repeatedly solving a task. This method can also be used to gain more insight into a child’s learning ability.

Ideally, the sandwich format and repeated measures are combined, although his method is labour-intensive. Therefore, this method needs to be adjusted to the situation for every research question. 

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